Echternach (Luxembourgish: Iechternach):
This is a town which prides itself on its cultural heritage. With so many castles and buildings that were well preserved and renovated, the richness of their culture continues to the invite tourists all over the world to a centre of culture that has been attracting visitors since the middle ages.
Looking east across Echternach.
The river Sauer
Today – forms the border between Luxembourg and Germany that flows past the town now;
Roman villa at Echternach is the kargest North of the Alps – the (traces of which were rediscovered in 1975). Since 1975, Echternach has been the site of an International Music Festival, held annually in May and June.
Echternach continued to have royal patronage from the house of Charlemagne. Though the monks were displaced by the canons of the bishop of Trier between 859 and 971, and although Willibrord’s buildings burned down in 1017, the Romanesque basilica, with its symmetrical towers, to this day houses Willibrord’s tomb in its crypt.
The Trifolion is a generously designed cultural and congress center with a sophisticated program. A large recreational area with lake, bike and hike trails and an adventure playground make a holiday here worthwhile. In addition to hotels and restaurants, there are two campsites and a modern youth hostel situated next to the lake.
The abbey was rebuilt in a handsome Baroque style in 1737. In 1797, in the wake of the French Revolution, the monks were dispersed and the abbey’s contents and its famous library were auctioned off. Some of the library’s early manuscripts, such as the famous Echternach Gospels, are now in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. In the 19th century, a porcelain factory was established in the abbey and the town declined, until the advent of the railroad brought renewed life and an influx of tourists.
Two main churches in Echternach
During the World War II, this picturesque town, still surrounded by its medieval walls with towers, was badly damaged in but was subsequently thoroughly restored.
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